INTEGRATING ROAD SAFETY AUDITS INTO THE DESIGN PROCESS

Road Safety Audit (RSA) is a relatively new tool for the North American transportation profession. It was developed by English and Australian road safety professionals as a process whereby safety is taken as an explicit consideration in the planning, design and operation of a transportation facility. This process, including the participants and their respective roles, has been well documented. RSA may be used on existing facilities (i.e., an in-service audit) but was primarily developed as a proactive safety tool to be used during the planning and design stages of a project. The design of a new facility, or the redesign of an existing facility, follows an established process which has been redefined and restructured over the years, as social and environmental impacts have become more prominent considerations in the delivery of transportation services. Current North American RSA initiatives have been mainly pilot projects that are carried out as an "add-on service" to roadway design. The pilots have been somewhat distinct from the design process, and efforts have focused on the elements of RSA, the RSA process, and the audit team. In short, these initiatives have used RSA in isolation from the design process. As RSA becomes an accepted part of a road project, an equally important consideration is how to successfully integrate the RSA into the regular design process to minimize delays and wasted resources. This paper describes the method of integrating RSA into the typical design process and provides some description of the benefits and drawbacks of the different stages of audits. The first two sections describe the RSA process and the design process, respectively. Both sections detail the process and the participants. The third section outlines the specifics of integrating the two processes, including a discussion on how the design process presents certain opportunities and constraints for RSA. The final section is a brief summary.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This paper appears on the CD-ROM, Transportation Operations: Moving into the 21st Century, ITE CD-008.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE)

    Washington, DC  United States 
  • Authors:
    • Forbes, G
    • Jordan, P
  • Conference:
  • Publication Date: 2000

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Features: Figures;
  • Pagination: 12p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00791572
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 20 2000 12:00AM