THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN URBAN FORM AND TRAVEL PATTERNS: MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS OF FREQUENTLY MADE TRIPS

In the Netherlands, governments are developing vast building sites in order to comply with housing needs in the decades ahead. This development involves far-reaching decisions with regard to their spatial structure. The consequences of these choices with regard to policy goals set by Dutch governments, such as sustainability and reduction of (car) mobility, are not clear. Empirical evidence is lacking and choices are often based on what is considered 'common sense'. Of particular importance in this context is the understanding that these new urban areas constitute the environment within which individuals and households need to realise their basic needs and personal preferences. The environment offers possibilities for people to realise their goals, but at the same time sets constraints, resulting in particular activity patterns. These patterns express which activities are conducted, where, and the transportation mode involved. Hence, they provide a basis for assessing policies such as those on sustairability and reduced (car) mobility. In this research project it is intended to assess the influence of the urban environment, defined in terms of a number of physical characteristics, on activity participation and, more specifically, on the resulting travel patterns. To that effect, data was collected in 19 Dutch neighbourhoods, which includes information on frequent activities such as working and shopping, and a two-day activity-diary. After a previous report on basic bivariate analyses of the frequent activities, this paper deals with the results of multivariate analyses, including variables describing the built environment as well as socio-economic variables, and conclusions are drawn on the several urban design options for the reduction of (car) mobility. For the covering abstract see IRRD E104586.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: p. 429-39
  • Serial:
    • Volume: P430

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00790437
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • ISBN: 0-86050-321-6
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Apr 11 2000 12:00AM