This article reports on how the European Union's forthcoming highly controversial end-of-life vehicle (ELV) Directive on disposal of old vehicles has caused vigorous debate and extensive activity by car manufacturers. The Directive has not yet been finalised, but it will make manufacturers responsible for the environmentally friendly disposal of scrap vehicles through recovery, reuse, and recycling. The first stage of vehicle recycling is the drainage of all liquids from them. Then parts that can be reused or recycled are removed, together with any hazardous parts. After that, all the other materials are shredded; the metallic content - iron, steel, and aluminium - is extracted, and the others - plastics, rubber, glass, fabrics, and paint - are deposited in landfill. This process achieves a 75% reuse/recycling rate. Under the present form of the Directive, manufacturers will have to fund the recycling of all ELV vehicles from 2006. Less waste will be allowed to go to landfill, and the targets for recycling are set at 85% of vehicle weight by 2006 and 95% by 2015. From 2006 on, new vehicles will have to be certified as 85% recyclable and 95% recoverable. Many manufacturers argue that they would be unable to sustain the resulting costs. Some pilot studies on recycling feasibility throw doubt on the targets set.

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  • Publication Date: 2000-1


  • English

Media Info

  • Pagination: p. 56-7,59-60
  • Serial:
    • Volume: 25
    • Issue Number: 1
    • Publisher: Institution of Mechanical Engineers
    • ISSN: 0307-6490

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00790262
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Apr 11 2000 12:00AM