A large number of maritime accidents over the last few years, with hundreds of fatalities, have drawn attention to human factors, the role of training, the role of the incident commander, and decisions under stress and culture/climate in maritime safety. This paper focuses primarily on papers and books on organizational culture/climate and safety in a maritime context. However, since most of the research in culture and climate has been done in the area of industry and air safety, the paper takes a broader scope and includes material from those areas, together with papers discussing culture and climate from a more general viewpoint. In addition, papers looking at the reliability and validity of accident registration are reviewed. Accident registration reveals that a large proportion have human related causes and indicates that, by looking at cultural aspects, one's understanding of the underlying mechanisms leading to accidents might increase. Several constructs of culture and climate have appeared on national, organizational, and safety levels. Those constructs are discussed together with problems that occur when interpreting accidental data and recording accidental causes. The papers reviewed indicate the existence of a chain of evidence from accidents/safety to attitudes, communications, and conflict-solving, and even further to safety culture. To be able to reduce the risk for accidents, there seems to be a need for coordination. The cultural perspective seems to be one that integrates and takes the many disciplines and multilevel nature of accidents and safety into account.

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Taylor & Francis

    4 Park Square, Milton Park
    Abingdon,   United Kingdom  OX14 4RN
  • Authors:
    • Havold, J I
  • Publication Date: 2000-1


  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00788848
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Contract Numbers: DTRS-57-95-G00064
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 5 2000 12:00AM