PARKING FIRSTS

This article relates the history of various parking innovations in the UK, and assesses the current situation of the parking industry. The first multistorey car park was opened in May 1901. Waiting restrictions first appeared in 1930, in London. The first double yellow line appeared in 1956. The first parking meter in the UK was installed in London in July 1958, but electronic meters did not appear until the late 1980s. The first parking order was made in 1959, and the first parking ticket from a traffic warden was issued in 1960. The first pay-and-display parking machine was introduced in 1968, again in London; it was soon replaced by an electrically operated machine. In 1974, the first pay-on-foot system was installed, and the first variable message signs appeared which displayed the availability of spaces in car parks. The Road Traffic Act 1991 'decriminalised' illegal parking and allowed London local authorities to carry out enforcement; this was implemented by July 1994. Authorities outside London enforced the new legislation from April 1996 on. Other innovations included networked pay-and-display machines (1993), smart cards (1994), and solar panels (1996). Despite these advances, London's average traffic speed is only 10mph today, compared with 12mph in 1945 when almost everyone used public transport.

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    BRITISH PARKING ASSOCIATION

    7 HILLSIDE
    PORTBURY, BRISTOL,   United Kingdom  BS20 9UD
  • Authors:
    • Squires, J
  • Publication Date: 1999-12

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Pagination: p. 38-9
  • Serial:
    • PARKING NEWS
    • Issue Number: 180
    • Publisher: BRITISH PARKING ASSOCIATION
    • ISSN: 1470-8361

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00788427
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Mar 3 2000 12:00AM