CADAVER AND DUMMY KNEE IMPACT RESPONSE
Knee impacts along the femoral axis of unembalmed male cadavers and Part 582 dummies were made with rigid pendulum impactors at Wayne State Univrsity. The dummy exhibited significantly higher knee impact forces than the cadaver subjects. This difference of response is shown to be due to differences of effective leg mass and knee padding. The dummy with its heavy rigid metal skeleton is not like its human counterpart, where the majority of the leg weight is composed of loosely coupled flesh. The knee impacts of the dummy subjects showed that the dummy femur transducer force was consistently less than the corresponding dummy knee impact force by a constant ratio of 0.8. We recommend that the "skeletal" weight of the Part 572 dummy leg should be substantially reduced, with the weight difference being added to a properly simulated leg flesh. Also, the simulated flesh covering of the knee should be modified to reduce the peak force resulting from rigid body impacts.
- This paper was presetned at the Automobile Engineering Meeting of the Society of Automotive Engineers Conference held in Dearborn, Michigan, October 18-22, 1976.
Warrendale, PA USA 15096
- Horsch, J D
- PATRICK, L M
- Publication Date: 1976
- Features: Figures; Photos; References; Tables;
- Pagination: 14 p.
- TRT Terms: Anthropometry; Biophysics; Cadavers; Dummies; Impact studies; Pendulum tests
- Subject Areas: Highways; Safety and Human Factors;
- Accession Number: 00149006
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Highway Safety Research Institute
- Report/Paper Numbers: SAE #760799
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Apr 27 1977 12:00AM