SHIP MANOEUVRING UNDER HUMAN CONTROL
Information on the helmsman's control behavior is summarized in two models. One is a linear model which consists of a gain, a lag, and a lead term and describes the helmsman's behavior in the control of a ship sailing in calm water, while the other is a nonlinear model which describes the helmsman's behavior in the control of a ship sailing in disturbed as well as undisturbed water. The nonlinear model is based on the internal model concept, i.e., on the assumed knowledge the helmsman has about the dynamics of the ship under his control, about the disturbances acting on the ship, and about the task to be executed. The internal model as part on the nonlinear helmsman's model is a simple differential equation which is used to predict future ship states. Since the heading displayed by the compass may be disturbed by noise, e.g., due to waves, an estimator is needed to generate estimates of the undisturbed heading and heading rate, to update the internal model. The proper actions necessary to achieve the desired states are selected by the decision-making element on the basis of predictions with the internal model.
Delft University of TechnologyStevinweg 1
Delft, Netherlands 2600 GA
- Veldhuyzen, W
- Publication Date: 1976-5
- Features: References;
- Pagination: 104 p.
- TRT Terms: Human error; Human factors engineering; Maneuvering; Mathematical models; Ship motion
- Subject Areas: Marine Transportation; Safety and Human Factors; Terminals and Facilities; Vehicles and Equipment;
- Accession Number: 00148534
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Engineering Index
- Report/Paper Numbers: No. 82
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Feb 23 1977 12:00AM