The primary source of weather information over the open ocean is observations taken by ships in passage. These observations are placed on punched cards or magnetic tape and archived in their home country. Under the auspices of the World Meteorological Organization the oceans are divided into nine areas. Each of these areas is assigned to a responsible member nation whose duty it is to collect and archive all marine meteorological observations from ships in its area of responsibility. These observations are shipped from all other responsible and cooperating member nations. Those who are not assigned an area of responsibility (cooperating members) send their observations to responsible members, but do not receive data from other countries. The background and mechanics of this voluntary exchange program are discussed. In addition to focusing all digital maritime meteorological observations into nine data banks in a homogeneous format, responsible members prepare summaries for selected marine areas and fixed ship locations within their area of responsibility. The content and geographical coverage of these summaries are outlined. This entire program is to continue for all years since 1961.

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: p. 313-320

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00035976
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Marine Technology Society
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 20 1974 12:00AM