A STUDY OF THE EFFECTS OF STREAM CHANNELIZATION AND BANK STABILIZATION ON WARMWATER SPORT FISH IN IOWA: SUBPROJECT NO. 4. THE EFFECTS OF LONGREACH CHANNELIZATION ON HABITAT AND INVERTERBRATE DRIFT IN SOME IOWA STREAMS
Relationships between channel morphometry, habitat diversity, and invertebrate drift density were studied in 11 natural and channelized stream segments of the upper Des Moines River Basin during 1974 and 1975. Gradients of the study sites ranged from 0.17 to 2.18 m/km; sinuosity index values were between 0.95 and 1.67. The most obvious effect of channelization on stream habitat was a reduction in the diversity of water depth and current velocity. There was a significant (P=.05) positive correlation between channel sinuosity and the variability of stream depth and velocity. Invertebrate drift density, expressed as biomass and total counts, was also correlated with channel sinuosity. Sinuous streams had greater concentrations of drifting organisms than did straight channels.
- See also PB-257 078.
Iowa Cooperative Fishery UnitAmes, IA United States 50010
Department of the InteriorFish and Wildlife Service
Washington, DC United States
- Zimmer, D W
- Bachmann, R W
- Publication Date: 1976-4
- Pagination: 94 p.
- TRT Terms: Bank protection; Biomass; Channel stabilization; Channels (Waterways); Depth; Drift; Environmental impacts; Fishes; Flow; Fresh water; Habitat (Ecology); Highway grades; Invertebrates; Sine curves; Slopes; Streamflow; Streams; Tables (Data); Velocity; Velocity measurement
- Uncontrolled Terms: Channelization; Stream channels
- Geographic Terms: Des Moines River; Iowa
- Old TRIS Terms: Abundance; Arthropoda; Diptera; Windward drift
- Subject Areas: Construction; Environment; Highways; Hydraulics and Hydrology;
- Accession Number: 00146283
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: FWS/OBS-76/14 Final Rpt.
- Contract Numbers: DI-14-16-0008-745
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Jan 16 1977 12:00AM