ASSESSMENT OF AUTOMOTIVE SULFATE EMISSION CONTROL TECHNOLOGY
This report includes a literature search to determine possible reactions involving sulfur in automotive exhaust systems, an assessment of the effect of various operating parameters (i.e. exhaust oxygen level) on the level of sulfate emissions, and a feasibility study on the use of sorbents as traps to eliminate sulfate from the exhaust gas before release to the atmosphere. It was discovered in the study that exhaust oxygen level and catalyst age were major variables affecting level of sulfate emissions. Other variables, such as noble metal composition, noble metal loading, catalyst temperature and residence time of the exhaust gas over the catalyst had little or no significant effect on sulfate emissions. It was also discovered that only calcium based materials (such as calcium oxide) removed sulfate efficiently enough with little physical degradation during laboratory testing of potential sorbents. Vehicle tests using the most promising sorbents as traps showed high sulfate removal but with unacceptably high exhaust back pressures.
- Prepared for Environmental Protection Agency, Ann Arbor, Mich. Emission Control Technology Div.
Exxon Research and Engineering CompanyUS Highway 1 and Park Avenue
Linden, NJ United States 07036
Environmental Protection AgencyEmission Control Technology Division, 2565 Plymounth Road
Ann Arbor, MI United States 48105
- Bachman, K C
- Holt, E L
- Leppard, W R
- Wigg, E E
- Publication Date: 1976-5
- Pagination: 217 p.
- TRT Terms: Absorbents; Air quality management; Aluminum oxide; Assessments; Automobiles; Calcium oxide; Carbon; Catalysts; Catalytic converters; Chemical reactions; Chemicals; Diesel fuels; Emission control systems; Exhaust gases; Gas analysis; Magnesium; Metals; Oxygen; Particles; Reduction (Chemistry); Sorbents; Sulfates; Sulfur; Sulfur dioxide; Testing equipment
- Uncontrolled Terms: Laboratory equipment
- Old TRIS Terms: Activated carbon; Reduction
- Subject Areas: Finance; Highways; Safety and Human Factors; Vehicles and Equipment;
- Accession Number: 00145883
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: EPA/460/3-76/017
- Contract Numbers: EPA-68-03-0497
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Jan 16 1977 12:00AM