EXPANSIVE CEMENTS AND THEIR USE

The primary purpose of shrinkage-compensating expansive cement concrete is to minimize cracking in concrete pavements and structures caused by drying shrinkage. The paper reviews the various types of expansive cements and their properties. The expansive mechanism and factors affecting it are also reviewed. The physical properties of shrinkage-compensating concrete along with practical considerations such as mixing, placing, finishing, and curing are discussed. Structural design criteria for these concretes are reviewed. Applications involving the use of shrinkage-compensating concretes are suggested. Expansive cement types K, M, and S are available in both shrinkage-compensating and self-stressing grades. The amount of expansive potential a cement has determines its grading and is controlled by the ingredients and formulation of the cement. The effective utilization of this potential is controlled by the cement supplier or user or both. Such features as cement content, aggregate type, mixing times, curing, temperature, and restraint can affect expansion.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Also pub. as Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, Miss. Concrete Technology Information and Analysis Center, CTIAC-8.
  • Corporate Authors:

    U.S. Army Waterways Experiment Station

    3909 Halls Ferry Road
    Vicksburg, MS  USA  39180-6199
  • Authors:
    • Hoff, G C
  • Publication Date: 1972-10

Media Info

  • Pagination: 43 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00145721
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: WES-MP-C-72-22 Mics Paper
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jan 16 1977 12:00AM