A STUDY OF STRATIFIED CHARGE FOR LIGHT DUTY POWER PLANTS: VOLUME 3. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The objectives of this project were to determine the acceptability of various types of stratified charge engines as potential power plants for light duty vehicles and motorcycles in America. The light duty vehicle considered was a 4/5 seat compact sedan with good acceleration capabilities and exhaust emissions below a primary target of 0.41 g/mile HC, 3.4 g/mile CO, 1.5 g/mile NOx. A secondary target of 0.41 g/mile HC, 3.4 g/mile CO and 0.4 g/mile NOx was also considered. A literature survey was undertaken, comparing stratified charge engines with examples of good conventional gasoline and diesel engines. While some stratified charge engines had exhaust emission or fuel economy advantages, there were always sacrifices in other areas. Eleven engines were configured, four of which were specifically directed towards the secondary emission targets. A method of rating the engines was derived, and the design concepts were compared with two gasoline engines by a jury panel. The overall result was that the Ford PROCO and Honda CVCC combustion processes were serious contenders to the gasoline engine at the primary emission target, and that both of these systems, together with the VW combustion process, might be suitable at the secondary targets.
- See also Volume 2, PB-253 767.
Richardo and Company Engineers LimitedBridge Works
Environmental Protection AgencyEmission Control Technology Division, 2565 Plymounth Road
Ann Arbor, MI USA 48105
- Publication Date: 1975-10
- Pagination: 37 p.
- TRT Terms: Air pollution; Air quality management; Automobiles; Delivery vehicles; Economics; Electric power plants; Exhaust gases; Fuel conservation; Fuels; Internal combustion engines; Light trucks; Motor vehicles; Motorcycles; Stratified charge engines
- Geographic Terms: United Kingdom
- Subject Areas: Economics; Energy; Highways; Safety and Human Factors;
- Accession Number: 00143643
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: DP-20437-Vol-3 Final Rpt., EPA/460/3-74/011/c
- Contract Numbers: EPA-68-03-0375
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Nov 17 1977 12:00AM