A STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF SEAT BELT EFFECTIVENESS IN 1973-75 MODEL CARS INVOLVED IN TOWAWAY CRASHES
Using a probability sample of towaway accidents involving 1973-75 model cars and investigated by special teams in 5 different geographic regions, several multivariate analyses are examined which estimate injury rates and corresponding effectiveness relating to various levels of belt usage. The effective sample size is 10,758 occupants (drivers or right front seat passengers) for which belt status and AIS injury information alone with age and seat position, car weight, crash configuration and vehicle damage severity is available. Analyses using log-linear models and weighted least squares procedures are carried out in considerable detail. The limitations and/or advantages of each method are pointed out and the results of various sensitivity investigations presented. A "Fact Book" of tables of interest from the overall file is included. /Author/
- Study sponsored by National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Washington, D.C.
University of North Carolina, Chapel HillHighway Safety Research Center
Chapel Hill, NC United States 27599
- Reinfurt, D W
- Silva, C Z
- Hochberg, Y
- Publication Date: 1976-2
- Features: Figures; References; Tables;
- Pagination: 107 p.
- TRT Terms: Automobiles by type; Crash severity; Manual safety belts; Measures of effectiveness; Statistical analysis
- Uncontrolled Terms: Effectiveness; Vehicle make
- Subject Areas: Data and Information Technology; Highways; Safety and Human Factors;
- Accession Number: 00141957
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Safety Council Safety Research Info Serv
- Report/Paper Numbers: DOT-HS-801833 Final Rpt.
- Contract Numbers: DOT-HS-5-01255
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Jun 17 1977 12:00AM