This aritcle discusses legal measures and financial responsibility for pollution cleanup and damage liability within the international marine community. The Civil Liability Convention covers pollution damage to a contracting states territory or territorial seas resulting from a spill of persistant oil carried by seagoing vessels. The International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation of Oil Pollution Damage would create a fund financed by mandatory contributions from contracting states which receive oil shipped by sea. These two conventions are not yet in force and are supplemented by two complementary insurance agreements. Under TOVALOP (Tanker Owners Voluntary Agreement Concerning Liability For Oil Pollution), it is the tanker owner's responsibility to clean up a spill or to remove the threat of a spill in any coastline area. CRISTAL (Contract Regarding an Interim Supplement to Tanker Liability for Oil for Pollution) compensates only for pollution costs exceeding deductions or for excessive cleanup costs; it does not apply in cases where a ship owner is not liable under the Civil Liability Convention.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This article was developed with the help of G.L. Becker and C.L. Crane, Exxon Corporation, and G.K. Martine, Exxon International Company.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Exxon Corporation

    1251 Avenue of the Americas
    New York, NY  United States  10020
  • Publication Date: 1976-11

Media Info

  • Pagination: p. 18-21
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00170703
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Exxon Corporation
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Mar 7 1978 12:00AM