This study begins with brief explanations of general statistical assessments of traffic accidents and some studies of pedestrian accidents. In addition, a report is made concerning biomechanical tolerance data relating to the individual parts of the body and support systems. In general the cognitive situation concerning human tolerance limits is shown to be inadequate. This particularly applies to the most vulnerable group of traffic participants, namely children. Children are much safer sitting on the back seats of cars than on the front. The frequency of injuries ranging in severity from average to fatal is reduced by almost 70%. The following are indicated in relation to the fitting of child orientated safety equipment: tubular steel seats of the design currently in use are fundamentally rejected. Reclining bucket seats prevent sudden abrupt rotations of the head and reduce pressure on the cervical vertebrae. They are however controversial. In order to reduce the level of restraining forces, measures should be undertaken for the protection of the child's entire body in the case of accidents, however slight. It is not possible to make definitive statements concerning the tolerance limits of children for which reason there is need for an objective and coordinated biomechanical research of basic principles in the near future. /TRRL/

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Franckhlsche Verlagshandlung

    Pfizerstrasse 5, Postfach 640
    7000 Stuttgart 1,   Germany 
  • Authors:
    • Rueter, G
  • Publication Date: 1976-7-8


  • German

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 339-342
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00170319
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen (BASt)
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 28 1978 12:00AM