This paper describes how before and after survey data were used to supplement aggregate ridership counts in describing the effects of a fare increase on patrons of the New York City transit system. While the overall rate-of-ridership decline may be sufficient for a financial analysis, the growing recognition of the role of transit in economic, social, and equity issues requires more in-depth understanding of the kinds of people who ride less or sacrifice mobility when transit-fare increases occur. Two surveys, one before the fare increase was announced and another 3 months after its implementation, allowed the analysis of a before and after pattern of transit use by a given sample of riders. (Except for those derived by inference, data on the effects of fare increases on the various groups of riders and the types of trips abandoned did not previously exist for the New York City transit system.) The author concludes that the 1975 transit-fare increase resulted in ridership reductions in roughly equal proportions from all major socioeconomic and demographic groups. The survey results support the theory of automobile availability as a major determinant in mode-choice decisions. The over representation of riders from double fare zones among the changers emphasizes the urgency of a comprehensive transfer policy to mitigate the effects of two fares on this group of riders.

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 12-14
  • Monograph Title: Transit planning and operations
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00168063
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309026504
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Jan 30 1981 12:00AM