In 1971 and 1972, the Terrain Sciences Division of the Geological Survey of Canada carried out the largest mapping program in its history of the distribution and characteristics of terrain types. Over 140,000 mile squared (360,000 km squared) of the Mackenzie Transportation Corridor was evaluated. This information was supplied to the public, industry and government in order to plan and design projects properly, by efficiently utilizing natural resources and minimizing environmental damage. The requirements of potential users varied to such a degree that it was decided to map the "basic" geology and other terrain characteristics so that derivative maps could be constructed for specific uses. A mapping system was devised for surficial deposits using genesis as the primary unit modified by texture and morphology. Organic and permafrost terrain were included, factors not ordinarily a part of traditional geological mapping. The system was comprehensive and flexible enough to include such aspects as the percentages of minor units, unit thickness, and slope and other morphological characteristics. In bedrock and unglaciated areas, a second system based upon the same principles as the first but arranged in a different manner was devised. In this case, the primary unit is based upon relief with additional information on lithology of the bedrock, texture of overlying debris, and broad morphological and slope characteristics. Comprehensive legends were prepared. Using the mapping units as the base, the legends were divided into various categories, providing information on the composition, ground ice content, thickness, and engineering characteristics of the deposits, and surface characteristics including topography, drainage pattern, vegetation, and dominant soils (pedologic sense). /Author/

  • Corporate Authors:

    John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated

    111 River Street
    Hoboken, NJ  United States  07030-6000
  • Authors:
    • Rutter, N W
  • Publication Date: 1977-12

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 295-308
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00167848
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 16 1978 12:00AM