In simultaneous block adjustments vertical control points need to be located in dense cross chains if no auxiliary information is available. One additional perimeter control point each between them strengthens the solution, and a further reduction of the vertical block deformation is achieved by normalizing the x-residuals in the projection centers. The use of auxiliary data leads to substantial saving of vertical control points. The interaction between vertical control point distribution statoscope-, APR-, lake data, and combinations of these is studied with several well-controlled independent model production blocks adjusted with PAT-M-43. The tests indicate that the bridging distance can be increased to the extent that there is virtually no need for control points within the block for small and medium-scale mapping purposes. /ASCE/

  • Corporate Authors:

    American Society of Civil Engineers

    345 East 47th Street
    New York, NY  United States  10017-2398
  • Authors:
    • Faig, W
    • Hakim, S E
    • Mathew, T
  • Publication Date: 1977-9

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00164897
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: ASCE 13229
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 23 1977 12:00AM