EFFECTS OF INTERMITTENT AND CONTINUOUS TOKEN REINFORCEMENT ON BUS RIDERSHIP

The following conditions were successively instituted on the Experimental Bus (the 11:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. daily operation of a campus bus): baseline, Variable Ratio 3 token reinforcement (every third passenger, on the average, received a token worth about 10found for boarding the bus), continuous token reinforcement (every passenger received a token), Variable Ratio 3 token reinforcement, and baseline. Compared to the experimental controls, Experimental Bus ridership increased significantly during token reinforcement manipulations. There was no difference in the effects of Variable Ratio 3 and continuous token reinforcement. The results suggest that compared to continuous token reinforcement, intermittent token reinforcement may provide a viable and economical approach to increasing bus ridership. /Author/

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  • Corporate Authors:

    American Psychological Association

    750 First Street, NE
    Washington, DC  USA  20002-4242
  • Authors:
    • Deslauriers, B C
    • Evertt, P B
  • Publication Date: 1977-8

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 369-375
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00164022
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 27 1977 12:00AM