The author refers to early stages of the Bradford bus study project which consisted of a series of research topics including, for example, system accessibility, cross-subsidisation and one-man operations. Research results led to the development of models to provide a consistent basis upon which to examine proposals for development of the bus system, not only during the course of the study, but also following it. The development of the passenger demand model is described which assumed that the number of passengers depends on the quality of service as reflected in the effort, time and money cost involved in travelling. The main elements of journey cost were assumed to be ride time, walking distance, waiting time and fare; and by adopting a minute of ride time as the basic unit of journey cost it is shown that a penny fare (September 1975 prices) was the equivalent of 1.58 generalised cost minutes (gcm). Behavioural values of time assumed in the demand model were thus taken, ride time at 38.0 pence per hour, walking time at 66.5 and waiting time at 85.5. These components of cost are analyzed. Service improvements are discussed relative to passenger demand in both peak periods (0700-0900, 1600-1800 h) and off-peak periods, and the economic effects of selected hypothetical measures of improvement to both passengers and operator are tabulated. Various types of economy measures which were examined from the point of view of net savings to operators and disbenefits to passengers are described. The main results are summarised, from which it was found that the most effective way to make economies is to reduce service levels at peak periods. Pricing and subsidisation policies in relation to the Bradford pte are discussed. /TRRL/

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  • Corporate Authors:

    Printerhall Limited

    29 Newmart Street
    London W1P 3PE,   England 
  • Authors:
    • PARKER, G B
  • Publication Date: 1977-3


  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00163378
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Analytic
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: May 3 1981 12:00AM