GEOGRAPHICAL PATTERNS OF RESIDENCE AND WORKPLACE SEPARATION

This paper analyzes the geographic patterns of residence and workplace separation in Knoxville, Tennessee that were determined from the implementation of a comprehensive computerized car-pool program. The information necessary to match individuals who have the same travel routes was found to be an excellent source of untapped geographic data. A complete sample of the commuting public was obtained by an employer-based survey procedure and machine-readable survey forms. A computer-mapping program was used to graphically portray the degree of residential work-force concentration in several disparate firms. These data were used to identify clusters of employees who had similar travel patterns that were sufficient to support a proposed van-pool system. Because the degree of labor-force dispersion varies among the firms analyzed, a policy toward plant location and mass transportation is developed. A tax structure is proposed that would penalize firms that contribute significantly to the costs to the community for congestion, pollution, and energy consumption. Similarly, firms that attempt to reduce the total vehicle-kilometers traveled by their employees are rewarded. Reductions can be induced by either relocating a plant or developing a successful ride-sharing program. /Author/

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References;
  • Pagination: pp 50-54
  • Monograph Title: Social and economic factors in transportation planning
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00163023
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309025966
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Oct 13 1981 12:00AM