Ultrasonic pulses propagating along the rolling surface of used railroad rail were observed to have two distinct arrivals. One arrival corresponded to the expected Rayleigh wave. The other, travelling just ahead of the Rayleigh wave, could not be identified as either a pure shear or dilatational wave. An analysis of the material properties in the rail head showed some significant differences to exist between the cold-worked layer on top of the rail and the underlying structure. The observed condition of a low-velocity layer over a high-velocity substructure was found to satisfy the requirments for the progagation of the M2 (Sezawa) shear wave mode. Experimental data and solutions to the governing wave equation showed that the early arrival was the M2 mode. The cause of the shear wave velocity reduction in the cold-worked zone was investigated. The results of these investigations showed that a material texture having the (531) crystallographic plane parallel to the rolling plane and the (112) crystallographic direction parallel to the rail axis was the most probable cause of the velocity reduction.

  • Record URL:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Prepared for U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Research and Develoment, Washington, D.C.
  • Corporate Authors:

    University of Oklahoma, Norman

    School of Aerospace, Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering
    Norman, OK  United States  73069
  • Authors:
    • Bray, D E
  • Publication Date: 1978-1

Media Info

  • Features: Appendices; Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 142 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00170422
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Federal Railroad Administration
  • Report/Paper Numbers: FRA/ORD-77/34.II Final Rpt.
  • Contract Numbers: DOT-OS-40091
  • Files: NTIS, TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Feb 16 1978 12:00AM