This report focuses on two major topics: the range of alternative policy measures for transportation noise abatement and the benefits and costs of abatement. The report also reviews the measurement of noise, the current pattern of transportation noise and its effects, and the projected future pattern of transportation and the noise associated with it. Four types of policy instruments are available: direct government activities to shield people from noise or to protect them from its effects e.g. sound insulation; direct controls specifying required techniques or processes, e.g. retrofitting of muffling devices on engines or prohibition of housing construction close to airports or highways; direct quantitiative controls, e.g. noise emission limits for trucks and motorcycles; financial incentives, e.g. subsidies for relocation of residences near airports or changes on airplane engines that are proportional to their noise levels. The report discusses the question of determining which instruments and what level of severity or strength of control should be used. Recommendations are presented which are related to emission charges and direct controls, moitoring, federal policy and coordination, and research cost benefit considerations.

  • Corporate Authors:

    National Research Council

    2101 Constitution Avenue, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20418
  • Publication Date: 1977

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 232 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00170199
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Feb 16 1978 12:00AM