AIR QUALITY IMPACT OF AIRCRAFT AT 10 USAF BASES
The contributions of Air Force aircraft to ambient air quality at 10 major bases were predicted from operational data using a computerized Gaussian dispersion technique. Annual arithmetic mean concentrations are presented for common air pollutants. The predictions are well below National Ambient Air Quality Standards for those pollutants with standards specified as annual averages. Hourly worst case predictions were converted to Pollutant Standards Index (PSI) values. Aircraft sources produced average PSI values of 4.9 for nitrogen dioxide, 2.1 carbon monoxide, 1.9 for total suspended particulates, and 1.4 for sulfur dioxide. The PSI scale ranges from 0 to 500 with 100 designated as the level above which health effects may occur. A PSI for hydrocarbons could not be computed since direct health effects have not been observed and indirect effects through oxidant formation could not be predicted within the scope of this analysis. The relative significance of pollutants emitted by AF aircraft indicated by this report is (from most significant to least significant): hydrocarbons, oxides, or nitrogen, particulate matter, carbon monoxide, and sulfur oxides. This ordering can be used as a guide to future design priorities and control strategy development.
Civil & Environmental Engineering Development OffDetachment 1 (ADTC)
Tyndall AFB, FL United States 32403
- Naugle, D F
- Grems III, B C
- Daley, P S
- Publication Date: 1977-4
- Pagination: 17 p.
- TRT Terms: Air pollution; Air quality; Aircraft; Aircraft exhaust gases; Carbon monoxide; Computer programs; Dispersers; Engines; Environmental protection; Exhaust gases; Hydrocarbons; Mathematical prediction; Meteorological phenomena; Military engineering; Military facilities; Nitric oxide; Nitrogen oxides; Particulates; Pollutants; Simulation; Standards; Sulfur dioxide; Turbojet engines
- Identifier Terms: United States Air Force
- Uncontrolled Terms: Aircraft engines
- Old TRIS Terms: Air force facilities; Air force operations; Dispersing; Meteorological data
- Subject Areas: Aviation; Data and Information Technology; Environment; Terminals and Facilities; Vehicles and Equipment;
- Accession Number: 00169366
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: CEEDO-TR-76-23 Final Rpt.
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Mar 14 1978 12:00AM