URBAN TRANSPORTATION AND ENERGY: THE POTENTIAL SAVINGS OF DIFFERENT MODES
Transportation in cities consumes about 10 percent of all the nation's fuel. Potential savings through shifts in urban transportation policies have generated interest in Congress and elsewhere. This paper describes the energy requirements of alternative urban transport technologies and assesses the effects on urban transport fuel consumption of various programs Congress might consider in order to save fuel. This analysis presents several measures of energy use, ranging from a narrow index of propulsion needs to a broad index of program energy savings. Attempts are made to consider energy needed to build and maintain roads and tracks, vehicles, stations and other facilities. Considered are vanpool, carpool, bus, automobile, rapid transit, light-rail transit and commuter railroad. The authors conclude that rapid transit offers little to aid the nation's efforts to save fuel. This is based on such assumptions as the use of automobiles to reach the rapid transit station by most riders, and circuitous routings of fixed-guideway systems.
- A study prepared by the Congressional Budget Office for the Committee on Environment and Public Works U.S. Senate.
Congressional Budget OfficeUnited States Congress
Washington, DC United States
- Publication Date: 1977-9
- Features: Appendices; Tables;
- Pagination: 81 p.
- TRT Terms: Automobiles; Bus transit; Buses; Carpools; Commuter service; Competition; Economic efficiency; Energy; Energy consumption; Fuel consumption; Light rail transit; Mode S; Policy; Railroad commuter service; Rapid transit; Transportation modes; Transportation policy; Urban transportation; Vanpools
- Uncontrolled Terms: Efficiency
- Old TRIS Terms: Bus services; Energy intensiveness; Energy requirements; Government policies
- Subject Areas: Economics; Energy; Highways; Passenger Transportation; Policy; Public Transportation; Railroads;
- Accession Number: 00168020
- Record Type: Publication
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Jan 13 1981 12:00AM