The paper summarizes the results of a study in which the effects of the following five methods of traffic restraint in a medium-sized city were studied: parking control, supplementary licensing, road pricing, cordon pricing, physical restraint. It was found that: (1) a comprehensive parking policy could be as effective as more sophisticated fiscal restraint systems until at least the early 1980S. (2) physical restraint, associated with comprehensive traffic management including priority provision for public vehicles, appears to be feasible. (3) general restraint of traffic volumes is not likely in itself to reduce perceived noise, although it would reduce air pollution; noise exposure could probably be reduced by traffic management. (4) peak-period traffic restraint (unless applied very severely) is unlikely to have any general adverse effect on shopping or business activities, but there could be certain exceptions. (5) fiscal restraint systems would be likely to bear most heavily on the above average income groups. On balance, lower income groups would be expected to gain, particularly from improved bus services. /TRRL/

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  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This paper was published as part of Traffic and Environmental Management, Proceedings of the PTRC Summer Annual Meeting, July 8-11, 1975, Warwick University, England.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Planning and Transport Res and Computation Co Ltd

    109 Bedford Chambers, 4 King Street
    London,   England 
  • Authors:
    • Goode, A P
  • Publication Date: 0


  • English

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00152919
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL)
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Proceeding
  • Files: ITRD, TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 17 1981 12:00AM