A study has been made of the influence of minor casting defects on the fatigue properties of cast steel throws for large crankshafts. The rotating-beam fatigue strength of unnotched and notched specimens of 60 to 100 mm diameter were investigated using a 5,500 kg.M rotary bending fatigue testing machine. The test specimens are cut out from the pin, in the direction parallel with the pin centreline, from two crank throws of more than 650 mm pin diameter. The cast steel crank throws are made from vacuum degassed steel and heat treated to the strength level of 50 kg/ by double normalizing and tempering. It was found that the rotary bending fatigue strength varied between plus and minus 16kg/ and plus and minus 13kg/ according to the number and distribution of pinholes, and shrinkage porosities on the surface of the machined test specimens. The former figure applies to a casting having defects less than 1 mm deep and less than 2 mm diameter, as revealed by the liquid penetration test, the latter figure applies to the largest defect, 3 mm deep, revealed by visual test. The corresponding figure for a sound casting was found to be plus and minus 17kg/ to plus and minus 18kg/, using test specimens taken from keel blocks cast from the same melt and having surface defects of less than 1 mm, as indicated by the liquid penetration test. The foregoing figures have been used for comparison with those of estimated values of working stress in the fillet area of crank pin and web.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Society of Naval Architects of Japan

    23 Shiba-kotohiracho, Minato-ku
    Tokyo 135,   Japan 
  • Authors:
    • Nishihara, M
    • Kono, M
    • Makioka, M
  • Publication Date: 1970

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00035196
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Society of Naval Architects of Japan
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Oct 27 1973 12:00AM