SHORT-TERM TRANSPORTATION CONTROL STRATEGIES FOR AIR POLLUTION CONTROL

Seven short-term transportation control strategies are identified as likely candidates to provide for short-term reductions in carbon monoxide emissions for motor vehicles and attainment of primary standards for carbon monoxide for the 1975 deadline: inspection, maintenance, and retrofit; conversion to gaseous fuels; traffic flow techniques; bypassing through traffic; improvements in public transportation; motor vehicle restraints; and workschedule changes. For each of these candidates, the paper describes the air pollution control potential, the maximum feasible emission reduction, and the institutional feasibility. The findings are based on an EPA-sponsored study of Chicago, Denver, Los Angeles, New York, San Francisco, and Washington, D.C. Emphasis was placed on identifying transportation controls that could be available within a period of 3 years, realistically subject to implementation by state and county governments and institutionally and technically feasible. In addition, three of the control strategies (inspection, maintenance, and retrofit; traffic flow controls; and motor vehicle and public transport improvements) were tested through simulation methods applied to each of the six cities. The paper summarizes the priminary results of these tests as isopleths of pollution concentration for carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, and oxide of nitrogen for the 1- and 8-hour periods of maximum VMT for a base year projected to 1977 under both uncontrolled (no transportation control strategy) and controled conditions. /Author/

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 21-45
  • Monograph Title: Air pollution controls for urban transportation
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00157792
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309021995
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Sep 28 1981 12:00AM