The main objectives for government to control traffic noise are such as economic efficiency, a reasonable welfare distribution and acceptable noise standards. The instruments available for arriving at these objectivs are traffic control, emission regulation and environment protection. This paper analyzes how to make trade-offs between such objectives and how to choose a combination of noise control instruments. Special attention is then made to one welfare distribution objective, namely the "polluters-pay-principle" which demands using the vehicle tax to finance investments to protect environment. In order to stimulate the development of less noisy vehicles, such a tax has to be progressively increased for noisy cars. The analysis is demonstrated on the situation of Sweden where a differentiation of norms as well as of vehicle taxes is proposed. /Author/

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    North-Holland Publishing Company

    P.O. Box 211
    1000 AE Amsterdam,   Netherlands 
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  • Publication Date: 1976-12

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  • Accession Number: 00156141
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 23 1977 12:00AM