The state of the art and future research in the use of underground space is discussed. The increased costs of land and surface facilities, both economically and environmentally, and improved underground excavation methods, make use of underground space such as tunnels for water supply, communications, and transportation of people and goods. Newer usage of underground space includes utility tunnels, construction of water and sewage plants, storage for fossil fuels, warehousing and manufacturing of certain goods, parking garages and shipping plazas, and large hydroelectric plants. Future research in underground space included further improvements in the methods of analysis, design, and construction. The effects of underground environment on people is necessary from a medical and psychological standpoint. Also, the influences of decoration and lighting adopted to underground operations should be established from existing information and from additional experimenting and research. The contributions of underground space to society not just from a technical and physical standpoint but also in terms of the quality for people, must be studied. Lastly, further further study is needed, on what should be placed in underground space for the greatest overall benefit.

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    • This article appeared in TRB Special Report No. 171, Tunnel Construction: State of the Art and Research Needs. Distribution, posting, or copying of this PDF is strictly prohibited without written permission of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved
  • Corporate Authors:

    Transportation Research Board

    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001
  • Authors:
    • Armstrong, Ellis L
  • Publication Date: 1977

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  • Media Type: Print
  • Pagination: pp 31-32
  • Serial:

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00156046
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Oct 13 1977 12:00AM