INNOVATIONS IN MANAGEMENT OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (ABRIDGMENT)

This paper demonstrates an approach to evaluating research and development activities that seek to not only meet the requirements set forth at the project level, but also advance or implement an organizations policy. A Policy Interaction Potential (PIP) index was devised to evaluate both the projects and the programs in terms of three functions-information, instruction, and policy. These functions were assigned weights that assist in decision making. A simple equation was devised to produce numbers that provide management with information concerning the extent to which its research and development effort is supportative of its policies. The PIP Index was applied to programs and projects at three different levels-international, federal, and state. On the international level, DOT's International Cooperation Program (ICP) was used, at the federal level, FHWA's Federally Coordinated Program of Research and Development Highway Transportation (FCP), and at the state level, Maryland DOT's Annual Work Program (AWP) under the Systems Planning Division. FHWA's FCP sets up research and development activities centered on the most critical problems in seven major catagories. This paper analyzes catagory 4-Environmental Considerations in Highway Design. Location, Construction, and Operation. Two Models were used as added input to the PIP Index; Forrester's industrial/systems dynamics and Ackoff's proposed theory of communications. The conclusions are drawn that PIP is easy to apply; it is a procedure that can be applied to existing as well as proposed projects and programs. Also PIP can give management a good idea of the policy value of its programs and projects. Its versatilty and low cost are stressed.

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Figures; References;
  • Pagination: pp 8-10
  • Monograph Title: Management of transportation and environmental review functions
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00155984
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309025737
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Aug 15 1977 12:00AM