This study identified the mechanical properties of ten cadaveric lumbar spines and two Hybrid Ill lumbar spines. Eight tests were performed on each specimen: tension, compression, anterior shear, posterior shear, left lateral shear, flexion, extension, and left lateral bending. Each test was run at a displacement rate of 100 mm/sec. The maximum displacements were selected to approximate the loading range of a 50 km/h Hybrid Ill dummy sled test, and to be non-destructive to the specimens. Load, linear displacement and angular displacement data were collected. Bending moment was calculated from force data. Each mode of loading demonstrated consistent characteristics. The load-displacement curves of the Hybrid Ill lumbar spine demonstrated an initial region of high stiffness followed by a region of constant stiffness. The exception to this rule was the tension tests. The loading curves of the cadaveric spines demonstrated an initial region of low stiffness followed by a region of increasing stiffness. Notable findings included the observation that the whole cadaveric lumbar spine specimens are stiffer in posterior shear than in anterior shear. This finding is in contrast to motion segment studies. This difference is believed to be due to the freedom of vertebrae L1 through L5 to rotate in the whole lumbar spine specimens. In functional spinal unit shear tests, both vertebrae are rigidly potted. For the covering abstract of the conference see IRRD E201429.


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: p. 237-46

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00780764
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Institute for Road Safety Research, SWOV
  • ISBN: 0-7680-0293-1
  • Files: ITRD, ATRI
  • Created Date: Jan 7 2000 12:00AM