The objective of the research described in this paper was to develop the basis for revised operational analysis procedures for transportation facilities with pedestrian users where flow is interrupted by traffic control devices. The paper commences with some background information on pedestrian walking speeds at signalized crossings and on pedestrian noncompliance at these locations. Then both new and revised level-of-service (LOS) tables are provided for analyzing various types of interrupted-flow pedestrian facilities. Results are detailed of a review and synthesis of American and international literature as part of a Federal Highway Administration study of pedestrian and bicycle facilities conducted by North Carolina State University between 1995 and 1998. The year 2000 edition of the U.S. "Highway Capacity Manual" (HCM) will incorporate, either directly or indirectly, most of the revised and synthesized information described in this paper. The research team recommends that the HCM include some background information that will be helpful for analysts timing signals and performing other operations. The authors of this paper recommend assumed crosswalk walking speeds of 1.2 m/s for most areas and 1.0 m/s for crosswalks serving large numbers of older pedestrians. Another important recommendation was to use delay to pedestrians as the basis for level of service at signalized and unsignalized street crossings. The recommended threshold for LOS F at signalized crossings is 60 s or more of delay per pedestrian, whereas at unsignalized crossings it is 45 s or more of delay per pedestrian.


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 25-31
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00778927
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0309071046
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Nov 24 1999 12:00AM