The changes brought about by regionalization in Germany only become apparent when the period before rail reform is analyzed. Until 1994, when rail reform came into force, and 1996, when regionalization became effective at the start of the year, the situation in public transit (PT) generally was characterized by differing competences shared out between the Federal Government, Laender and local authorities. In Germany, the term PT has always referred to the transportation of persons over distances of usually no more than 50 km (32 mi) in transit modes providing general access. These transit modes might be railways as well as metro, light rail, tramway, trolleybus, and bus services. The term "local passenger rail transit" is only used when public transit users are transported by heavy rail. Travel on any of the other transit modes listed, up to and including the rail-borne modes mentioned, is described in the article using the term PT.


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  • Accession Number: 00778671
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 15 1999 12:00AM