LOW EMISSION ZONES - REDUCING THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF VEHICLES IN URBAN AREAS

This document is the second report of the NSCA Cleaner Transport Forum, which was formed in the UK in 1997 as the Cleaner Fuels Forum. It details the findings of the Forum's Low Emission Zone (LEZ) project, which drew on the opinions and expertise of a partnership representing a wide range of interests and stakeholders. Its two basic themes are the development of the LEZ concept, and practical issues surrounding the implementation of a LEZ. The objective of a LEZ is to reduce vehicle emissions in a given area to improve local air quality. Criteria for LEZs are likely to include geographical, temporal, vehicle emission standard, air quality, and transport criteria. LEZs can reduce local vehicle emissions and improve other aspects of local environmental quality, for example by reducing noise and congestion. LEZs can be created by traffic reduction orders or voluntary arrangements with vehicle fleet operators. They could be enforced by police, traffic wardens, or local authority officers by visual vehicle identification. There are three main options for introducing LEZs, with rising cost and enforcement implications: (1) restricted areas; (2) permit systems; and (3) systems using electronic tags or number plate recognition. Nine measures for making LEZs effective are proposed.

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    NATIONAL SOCIETY FOR CLEAN AIR AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION (NSCA)

    136 NORTH STREET
    BRIGHTON, SUSSEX  United Kingdom  BN1 1RG
  • Publication Date: 1999

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: 105 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00779435
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Transport Research Laboratory
  • ISBN: 0-903474-47-6
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Dec 7 1999 12:00AM