In comparison to drivers exposed to steering-wheel airbag deployments in frontal crashes, there have been fewer front-seat passengers exposed to airbag deployments because many of the cars in crashes did not have dual airbags and the front passenger seat is less often occupied. Of 826 airbag crashes detailed by the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute crash investigators, there were 145 front-seat passengers exposed to instrument panel mounted airbags. Most of these front-seat passengers (124) were involved in frontal crashes. Ninety-two were aged 16 or older, 24 were under 12 years of age, and 11 were aged 13-15. Of those who were 16 or older in frontal crashes, 70% had a maximum injury severity (MAIS) level-1 injury. None of the MAIS-2 injuries were directly related to airbag deployments. Of the AIS-3+ level injuries, approximately two-thirds were not airbag related.

  • Availability:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • This paper was presented at one of the Air Bags sessions of the 1999 SAE International Congress and Exposition and is included in the SAE Special Publication, "Air Bag Technology 1999" (SP-1411).
  • Corporate Authors:

    Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE)

    400 Commonwealth Drive
    Warrendale, PA  United States  15096
  • Authors:
    • Huelke, D F
  • Conference:
  • Publication Date: 1999-3


  • English

Media Info

  • Features: References; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 29-32
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00768970
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 0768003431
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 1999-01-0760
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 28 1999 12:00AM