The definition of sustainable development was written into the Finnish Building Law. The content, briefly translated, is that an area is to be planned in a way that saves natural resources and supports sustainable development of the environment. However, an ecologically sustainable city is an unimaginable utopia. We come closer to sustainable development when we reduce material and energy flows and attempt to return residual products to nature. Achieving these requirements means that we are approaching a city which is greener, smaller scaled, and demands less traffic. A precondition for the principles of sustainable development to be achieved is a substantial increase in the awareness of the inhabitants. Conforming to this thinking, the paper presents three case studies--Rovaniemi, Pudasjarvi, and Sotkamo--representing ecology-based planning, environmental impact assessment-related master-planning, and development-based communicative planning procedures in which inhabitants are actively involved from the outset. On the basis of the findings of the case studies, it is concluded that the understanding and application of local tradition to the present is one of the basic prerequisites for a good solution.

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  • Corporate Authors:

    Intermediate Technology Publications Limited

    9 King Street
    London WC2E 8HW,   United Kingdom 
  • Authors:
    • Tarumaa, A
  • Publication Date: 1998


  • English

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  • Accession Number: 00768936
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 1853394521
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 23 1999 12:00AM