This paper emphasizes total self-development of the individual for improved motivation and organization management. It builds on Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory to examine motivational levels for four levels of engineering staff at a public construction agency. The researchers studied these engineering groups qualitatively through interviews and quantitatively using a questionnaire. Using a holistic approach, this study focused on 15 parameters from Maslow's five essential needs: physical, safety, social, esteem, and self-actualization levels. Considerable emphasis was placed on the development of Maslow's principle of self-actualization. This difficult-to-grasp concept, as Maslow reported, is a prerequisite for enlightened management. The researchers analyzed engineers' perceptions regarding the fulfillment of need parameters and measured their perception of the importance of those parameters. Among specific findings were that junior project engineers had higher scores on self-actualization than senior engineers. Findings showed that changes are desirable for satisfying meaningfulness of tasks, increasing self-sufficiency in doing the job, and improving individuality and sense of mission of employees. The application of the findings based on Maslow's model directly benefits the agency studied and other organizations in development programs. It also helps in increasing morale.


  • English

Media Info

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00768769
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 4 1999 12:00AM