TRAVEL BEHAVIOUR AND ENVIRONMENT. THE IMPACT OF KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDES. DECISION-MAKERS' ATTITUDES TOWARDS TRAFFIC AND THE ENVIRONMENT

TRANSPORTBETEENDE OCH MILJOE. BETYDELSEN AV KUNSKAP OCH ATTITYDER

The thesis consists of two reports. In the first report, the environmental impact of traffic and the benefits of car driving are listed and an empirical study is presented. The aim of the study was to analyse the importance of attitudes and knowledge related to the annual driving distance and the individual's and household's travel behaviour, as well as to the acceptance of traffic restrictions in urban areas. The second report presents a study of local decision-makers' acceptance of traffic restrictions. In total, 422 residents in two areas and 122 politicians and local civil servants in Lund completed a questionnaire. It was found that, although the choice of transportation was influenced by both household resources and real needs, attitudes were important as well. Short driving distance and pro-environmental travel behaviour were associated with a high level of environmental concern and low car dependency. The acceptance of traffic restrictions increased also with high hazard perception/low efficacy. On the other hand, to both the public and the decision-makers, public transport attitude, environment and health interest and environmental knowledge, had almost no effect. There seems to be a psychological process behind the modal choice. This process also seems to direct the acceptance of traffic restrictions for both the general public and the decision-makers. The results suggest that environmental attitudes should not be neglected when dealing with the environmental impact of traffic. Differences between the public and decision-makers in environmental knowledge, as well as in preferences for particular traffic restrictions, enhance the importance of a well functioning communication, as to which restrictions should be implemented. (A) The thesis consists of two reports. See IRRD E202084 for the second report.

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    LUNDS TEKNISKA HOEGSKOLA, SEKTIONEN FOER ARKITEKTUR

    BOX 118
    LUND,   Sweden  SE-221 00
  • Authors:
    • NILSSON, M
  • Publication Date: 1995

Language

  • Swedish

Media Info

  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: 69 p.
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00768549
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI)
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Sep 10 1999 12:00AM