PERSONALITY, ACCIDENT-PRONENESS IN TRAFFIC AND PROFESSIONAL ADAPTATION. THREE PERCEPT-GENETIC STUDIES

PERSONLIGHET, OLYCKSBENAEGENHET I TRAFIKEN OCH YRKESANPASSNING. TRE PERCEPTGENETISKA STUDER

The aim of the three studies upon which the thesis is based has above all been to develop and validate a methodology for identifying and predicting accident-proneness in drivers. The overall approach of this thesis can be described as a combined psychological and statistical one. The intention has been to identify, in different driver groups, those personality characteristics, which case studies and psychiatric interviews have indicated to be of relevance to accident-proneness. The main instruments for the measurement of personality characteristics have been different percept-genetic techniques, among others the Defence Mechanism Test (DMT) and the Separation Theme. Through interviews with subjects, questionnaires filled out by employers, surveys of vehicle insurance files and a questionnaire concerning the subject's general state of health, it has been attempted to assess as reliably as possible the subject's accident involvement and professional adaptation. The total number of accidents in which a subject had been involved was related to her/his risk exposure in terms of the total number of miles driven. The overall results were as follows: Signs of depressive effects and of projective and regressive strategies, so-called DPR-signs on the DMT and signs of depressive effects on the Separation Theme, were found to be characteristic of high-accident in contrast to low-accident drivers. Decisive to belong to the high-accident group - regardless of whether one-car or multiple-car accidents were involved, and irrespective of the distance driven and of whether driving had been in populated areas or in the countryside - was the presence of DPR-signs in the DMT. Indications on the DMT of repression/isolation (barrier signs) and/or of reaction formation, connected with an absence of DPR-signs, were found to a greater extent among low than among high accident-prone drivers. Characteristic of subjects showing poor professional adaptation, as manifested by negative assessments by employers and by medical problems that hindered their work, was to show signs of depressive affects and of projective identification on the DMT and signs depressive affects and of splitting on the Separation T

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  • Corporate Authors:

    Almqvist and Wiksell International

    Gamla Brogatan 15-17, P.O. Box 62
    S-101 20 Stockholm,   Sweden 
  • Authors:
    • SVENSSON, B
    • TRYGG, L
  • Publication Date: 1994

Language

  • Swedish

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00768524
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI)
  • ISBN: 91-22-01602-3
  • Files: ITRD
  • Created Date: Sep 10 1999 12:00AM