BEHAVIOR OF RETROFITTED URM WALLS UNDER SIMULATED EARTHQUAKE LOADING

Unreinforced masonry (URM) buildings perform poorly under seismic forces and have been identified as the main cause of loss of life in recent earthquakes. In this study, the experimental results from three half-scale unreinforced brick walls retrofitted with vertical composite strips are presented. The specimens were subjected to cyclic out-of-plane loading. Five reinforcement ratios and two different glass fiber composite densities were investigated. The mode of failure is controlled by tensile failure when wider and lighter composite fabrics are used and by delamination when stronger ones are used. The tested specimens were capable of supporting a lateral load up to 32 times the weight of the wall. A deflection as much as 2 percent of the wall height was measured. Although both URM walls and composite strips behave in a brittle manner, the combination resulted in a system capable of dissipating some energy. Retrofitting URM walls with composite strips proved to be a good and reliable strengthening alternative.

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00768090
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 4 1999 12:00AM