The effects of nonlinear viscous damping on the dynamic response of single-degree-of-freedom (SDOF) structural systems are analyzed. This kind of damping characterizes a special class of fluid viscous dampers recently utilized in the field of vibration control as base-isolation devices or viscoelastic elements included in steel braces of framed structures. The analytical relationship adopted to reproduce the mechanical behavior of the fluid viscous dampers is a fractional power-law of the velocity, the exponent of which ranges between 0.1 and 0.2. This function had been previously calibrated on the results of a special experimental survey carried out at the University of Florence. The dynamics of the classical linear-viscous SDOF oscillator is reformulated on the basis of the above-mentioned fractional viscous damping relationship. In particular, the transient and steady-state responses are examined in both free and forced vibration conditions. The magnification and transmissibility factors are analytically determined for different damping levels. Moreover, the relation between the viscous damping coefficient and the frequency ratio--the ratio of the dynamic load to the oscillator frequencies--is defined. The diagrams describing these functions provide direct correlations between the damping as well as the elastic properties of the system and the frequency content of the dynamic action.


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  • Accession Number: 00767806
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Contract Numbers: NSC87-2211-E-006-041, B-9895, CMS 9625070
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 24 1999 12:00AM