The distresses of asphalt pavement, which include fatigue, rutting, and low-temperature cracking, are related to the elastic modulus of asphalt concrete (AC). In addition, the elastic modulus of AC is a design variable for asphalt pavement structural design when elastic-layer system theory is employed. However, in the most commonly used AC design methods--the Marshall, Hveem, and Superpave methods--the elastic modulus is not used as a control variable. Therefore, these design methods do not ensure that the desired elastic modulus of AC will be obtained. In this paper, AC is treated as a two-phase composite with aggregates dispersed in the asphalt matrix. Based on this treatment, a two-layer built-in micromechanical model of AC is developed by embedding an asphalt-coated circular aggregate into an equivalent AC medium. Using this model, an equation predicting the elastic modulus of AC is derived. The elastic modulus of AC predicted by the present model is compared with the Hashin and Shtrikman theoretical bounds and the Heukelom and Klomp equation. Using these comparisons, the proposed model is shown to be reasonable and applicable for predicting the elastic modulus of AC. Thus, the existing mix design approaches can be improved by using the modulus prediction model presented in this paper.


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  • Accession Number: 00767748
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Contract Numbers: DMS/9313013, HKUST 641/95E
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 6 1999 12:00AM