NEW DRIVING PERMIT HOLDERS IN QUEBEC, 1985, 1995: AGE AND GENDER SPECIFIC ACCESS RATES, LEARNING PERIOD AND THE EFFECTS OF THE 1991 REFORM ON PERMIT ACCESS

Previous research (Laberge-Nadeau, et. al., 1992) showed a substantial increase of 16 year olds obtaining a driver's license (1972-1984) and hence a decrease in the average age of new drivers. This study covers the period from January 1, 1985 to December 31, 1995, with particular attention to changes on access to a first permit (effective March 1, 1991). The reform was introduced to yield safer new drivers by requiring the theory exam before obtaining a learner's permit, 12 practical driving lessons, and also that the learner's permit be held for at least three months before the practical exam. Any failure of an exam added another 28 days to the process. The Societe de l'assurance automobile du Quebec made available a file containing individual records for all new drivers during this period - 1,115,300 records including the variables date of birth, gender, date of entering the system (acquisition of the learner's permit before, first attempt of the theory exam after the reform), and date of obtaining the driver's license. The total file contains more women than men, with almost equal representation in 1995. Licensing for men occurs at a younger age than for women. The licensing rate for 16 year old men shows a continual increase from 43% in 1985 to a maximum of 50% in 1990, followed by a substantial drop to 33% in 1991 with a slow increase thereafter to 36% in 1995. Similarly for women, the rate for 16 year olds increased from 29% (1985) to 40% (1990), dropped to 27% (1991) and went up to 32% by 1995. The total number of new licensees shows the same variation.

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 00767379
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 12 1999 12:00AM