DRIVERS' SPEEDING BEHAVIOR AND ATTITUDES TO LAW ENFORCEMENT: A MULTISITE ROADSIDE SURVEY IN FRANCE

There is general agreement among road safety researchers that speed is a central factor in road traffic accidents and an important aspect of prevention. In view of this, the attempts to identify the factors which determine the speeds selected by drivers is an important phase in the search for the best preventive measures. It is undeniable that the choice of speed, which is influenced by the inclinations of individual drivers, occurs within a collective environment and in interaction with it. How can we assess the relative importance of situational factors and more general behavioral factors in the selection of speed? This question has led Inrets to design, over a period of time, a survey which aims to compare drivers' real speeds with local traffic and environmental conditions and the perception of police checks and risk and attitudes with respect to the speed limit in force. The collected data attempts to relate two aspects which form the "explanatory" context of speed: (1) the objective collective situation - the category of the road (open countryside, built-up area with a population of less than 5,000, town), speed limit, usual location of checks, traffic flow and composition (percentage of heavy vehicles), mean speed, percentage of vehicles violating the speed limit and (2) individual factors which break down into immediate factors, as for instance, the individual's perception of his or her speed and of the highest speed which is possible without risk, and factors which relate to habits as customary modifications according to a variety of circumstances or reasons, which may or may not be linked to a knowledge of the law.

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    PTRC Education and Research Services Limited

    Glenthorne House, Hammersmith Grove
    London W6OL9,   England 
  • Authors:
    • Biecheler, M B
    • PEYTAVIN, J F
  • Conference:
  • Publication Date: 1998

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00767332
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: VTI konferens 9A part 8
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 4 1999 12:00AM