IMPACT OF SUBURBAN RAPID TRANSIT STATION LOCATION, FARE AND PARKING AVAILABILITY ON USERS' STATION CHOICE BEHAVIOR: ANALYSIS OF THE PHILADELPHIA-LINDENWOLD HIGH-SPEED LINE
In designing a park-n-ride rapid transit system, locating the stations and determining their parking capacities are among the most important decisions. A simple behavioral model useful for evaluating such plans is proposed, and estimated with survey data on the Philadelphia-Lindenwold High-Speed Line. Model variables include user's access cost and time to stations, and transit fares; a probabilistic version of the model is tested, and satisfactorily predicts the station choice of transit users, thereby determining each station's patronage. As prototypical applications of the model's use, predictions of diversion to a proposed new station on the existing Line, and to two proposed branch lines are developed. The report concludes with a case study of evaluating the addition of a station to an existing rapid transit line. The proposed station choice model states that transit users choice the station that minimizes their total journey cost including the value of travel time. In its deterministic form, the model depicts station market areas with hyperbolic boundaries. This model correctly classifies 60 to 65 percent of observed station choices of park-n-ride and kiss-n-ride commuters on the High-Speed Line. A prbabilistic version of the model is formed by relating the proportion of users choosing their least total cost station to the difference in cost between the two least cost stations. Of all users choosing one of their two least cost stations, 87 to 92 percent are correclty assigned by this model. The report consists of nine chapters including a fifteen-page summary. Time series and cross-section analyses of travel patterns in the market area of the High-Speed Line provide a context for the more analytical research described above. /Author/
- Sponsored by DOT, Office of the Secretary
University of Pennsylvania PressPhiladelphia, PA USA 19104
- Boyce, D E
- DESFOR, G
- Publication Date: 1974-12
- Features: Figures; References; Tables;
- Pagination: 329 p.
- Subject Areas: Economics; Highways; Planning and Forecasting; Public Transportation; Society; Vehicles and Equipment;
- Accession Number: 00157198
- Record Type: Publication
- Report/Paper Numbers: Final Rpt.
- Contract Numbers: DOT-OS-10044
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Nov 9 1981 12:00AM