A SYSTEM OF TERMINAL AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL BASED ON THREE DIMENSIONAL AREA NAVIGATION
This study explores the concept of a 3D non-intersecting tube are navigation (RNAV) Air Traffic Control system. A computerized method was developed for designing the tube structure for a complex multi-airport terminal area. The computer program first generates a large set of climb and descent tubes for each airport. These tubes have vertical profiles as close as possible to those recommended by aircraft manufacturers for the aircraft of the actual fleet mix. A measure of the desirability with respect to the aircraft fleet is associated with each tube. However, this set of tubes is mutually conflicting. A second program selects that subset of tubes which is completely non-conflicting and which has the maximum sum of the desirability factors of the selected tubes. The computerized design method was tested on the New York Terminal Area. The resulting tube structure was felt to meet not only the mathematical constraints but also projected operational considerations. These operational factors were discussed, and the system was compared with 2D, 3D with altitude stratification, and 4D RNOV. Certain advantages were found in the 3D tube-based system in terms of block time, fuel consumption, traffic flow rates, and pilot workload.
Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyDepartment of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 77 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA United States 02139
- Tymczysyn, J P
- Publication Date: 1975
- Pagination: 261 p.
- TRT Terms: Air traffic control; Airports; Computer programs; Freight terminals; Fuel consumption; Intermodal terminals; Navigation; Navigation systems; Structural design; Three dimensional displays; Traffic flow; Tubing; Workload
- Uncontrolled Terms: Airport design
- Old TRIS Terms: Block times; Three dimensional area navigational systems
- Subject Areas: Aviation; Energy; Freight Transportation; Operations and Traffic Management; Terminals and Facilities;
- Accession Number: 00155478
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Aug 31 1977 12:00AM