SOME MEASURES OF AIRCRAFT PERFORMANCE ON THE AIRPORT SURFACE

This thesis presents the results of the analysis of data collected for input for an interactive computer simulation of runway and taxiway traffic. Sample means and deviations of various parameters are given. The results of further analysis, intended to disclose inherent patterns in the data, are also discussed. First, it was found that there were few statistically significant differences in the speeds of different aircraft over the same taxiway stretch, regardless of the aircraft type or direction of travel. Also, length of the segment did not seem to have a uniform effect on speed. It is felt, though, that the location of the segment does have a substantial influence on taxing speed. Secondly, touchdown distance was not significantly different on runways equipped with VASI (Visual Approach Slope Indicater) Systems, when compared with non-VASI runways. Both exhibit substantial variance in the distribution of touchdown points. However, the distribution for VASI-runways presents a double peaking not otherwise noticed, which may indicate a difference between a VASI-assisted and an unguided landing. Third, in analyzing runway occupancy times, it was found that the time to a given exit did not statistically vary, in general, regardless of the aircraft type involved. Overall differences between types were noted, with average occupancy times increasing with weight, but this is seen as being caused mainly by different patterns of exit use. On takeoffs, very few differences in occupancy times were found, regardless of type or runway. Lastly, other analyses which could be performed on the collected data are discussed, and suggestions are made for the planning of future surveys. In particular, a more automated data gathering system, involving remote sensors on the runway, is strongly recommended for greater accuracy.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    Flight Transportation Laboratory
    Cambridge, MA  USA  02139
  • Authors:
    • Swedish, W J
  • Publication Date: 1972

Media Info

  • Pagination: 138 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00155456
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Report/Paper Numbers: FTC Report R72-4 MS Thesis
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 31 1977 12:00AM