The propagation and generation of acoustic waves in a choked nozzle is considered where pressure and entropy fluctuations caused by gas stream non-uniformities like 'hot spots,' are incident on the nozzle entrance. A novel noise-generation mechanism is found which produces acoustic waves of strength proportional to the entrance entropy fluctuation and local gradient of the mean flow velocity. A transformation is introduced which relates the solutions of problems involving the propagation of acoustic waves in a moving medium to the solutions of associated problems in a stationary medium. The method is described by discussing the Sommerfeld problem for a half plane in a subsonic flow. For supersonic case, all the diffraction problems are related to a single reference problem. A decomposition of the pressure field in a 'geometrical optics' field and a diffracted field is given, showing some remarkable similarities to the subsonic solution. The radiation of acoustic modes from a duct immersed in a subsonically moving medium is treated by a similar transformation. The presence of the uniform flow has roughly the same effect as, an increase in frequency of the incident wave, at constant mode number. The effect of acoustical lining on the radiation pattern is examined, and side radiation is shown to be greatly reduced for the lower order modes.

  • Corporate Authors:

    Jet Propulsion Laboratory

    California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Drive
    Pasadena, CA  United States  91103

    Office of the Secretary of Transportation

    Office of Noise Abatement, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Authors:
    • Candel, S M
  • Publication Date: 1976-5

Media Info

  • Pagination: 240 p.

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00154836
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
  • Report/Paper Numbers: DOT-TST-76-104 Intrm Rpt.
  • Contract Numbers: DOT-OS-20197
  • Files: TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Jun 22 1978 12:00AM