ELECTRIC VEHICLE RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND TECHNOLOGY-FOREIGN
Current research efforts and a computer analysis of foreign electrochemical traction battery technology utilizing various standardization and simulation techniques support the following ranking of foreign electric vehicle technology: United States; United Kingdom; Japan; Federal Republic of Germany; USSR; France; Italy; and Sweden. All-electric vehicle systems (battery-battery or battery-fuel cells) are not presently competitive, on an energy or power density basis, with conventional, fossil-fueled, internal combustion engine systems. All-electric vehicle systems, however, offer an alternate or complementary mode of transportation in major metropolitan areas by reducing atmospheric pollution and fossil fuel consumption. Advanced lead-acid, nickel-iron, and nickel-zinc traction batteries offer the greatest promise for urban transit vehicles(city buses, microbuses, and commuter cars). Commercial application of these electrochemical propulsion systems will receive considerable government and public support over the next 10 years in Europe, Japan, and the USSR. High-energy electrochemical propulsion systems such as the sodium-sulfur, lithium-sulfur, and metal-air traction battery systems are theoretically promising. Actual utilization of these power sources in small military and domestic vehicles is anticipated by the late 1980s.
- Amendment A to Rept. no. DST-1850S-403-75, AD-A011 129.
Defense Intelligence AgencyPentagon
Washington, DC USA 20301
- Busi, J D
- Publication Date: 1976-4
- Pagination: 73 p.
- TRT Terms: Acids; Automobiles; Buses; Computer programs; Development; Economics; Electric automobiles; Electric batteries; Electric vehicles; Energy; Foreign; Ground vehicles; Hybrid vehicles; Iron; Lead (Metal); Lithium; Nickel; Research; Research projects; Simulation; Sodium sulfate; Standardization; Sulfur; Technology; Urban transportation; Zinc
- Uncontrolled Terms: Research and development
- Geographic Terms: Belgium; Former Soviet Union; France; Germany; Italy; Japan; Sweden; United Kingdom
- Old TRIS Terms: Hybrid propulsion
- Subject Areas: Economics; Energy; Highways; Public Transportation; Research; Safety and Human Factors; Vehicles and Equipment;
- Accession Number: 00154293
- Record Type: Publication
- Source Agency: National Technical Information Service
- Report/Paper Numbers: DST-1850S-403A-75
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: May 31 1977 12:00AM